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History and Geography

Humanities: History and Geography

All children in our school participate in a humanities subject. Early years follow the principles from the EYFS through Understanding of the World.

This year we have incorporated our humanities lessons into our topic work. Many of the exciting topics we will be covering this year are based around humanities such as: Tremors, Towers, Tunnels and Turrets and Traders and Raiders.

One humanities subject is taught every half term, this can be either history or Geography



Children in the Foundation Stage, study History and Geography (Understanding of the World) through a range of fun play based activities and experiences, based on a half termly topic. Understanding of the World is split into two distinct focus areas: People and Communities and The World.

People and communities

As children learn about the world around them they find out about the past through talking to parents, grandparents and friends and they develop an interest in their own story as well as the stories in their family – this is the beginning of developing an understanding of the past and helps them to learn about how other people are different from them, yet share some of the same characteristics and ideas.

The World

Understanding of the world develops as children take notice of everything around them including places and all the things within them such as trees in the natural environment and roads and traffic in the built environment. Finding out about places begins initially when a child learns about their own home and the things nearby, then later as children notice things on journeys to and from home – such as the sequence of the traffic lights or names on street signs. This awareness is extended by visiting places and finding out about different elements of environments in books, on TV and through using other technology. This aspect also focuses on learning about cause and effect and is developed through having conversations with adults and other children about the things they observe.


Key Stage 1 and 2

History and Geography are taught throughout key stage 1 and 2, using the Cornerstones Curriculum which is a creative approach to learning. Each year group will cover 6 topics throughout the year, which are carefully selected to ensure that each child experiences the appropriate range of coverage, skills and objectives expected at their level of learning.


Educational Visits

Learning is brought to life by a range of enrichment activities which include visitors to the school, role play activities and trips to places of historical and geographical interest.

Our visits so far this year include: Skinningrove Mining Museum, The Dorman Museum, Raby Castle and Eden Camp.



Please click below to view the government guidelines regarding the teaching of History and Geography in schools:

Geography Curriculum 2014

History Curriculum 2014

Whole School Curriculum Map for History and Geography can be found here:  curriculummap




Examples of Creative Curriculum Planning for Teachers:








Key Skills Planner/Coverage for teachers

Key skills for levels 2 – 3. For all subjects except numeracy and literacy. Use to make sure you cover all your necessary skills, or a tool to plan using a creative curriculum.



Our Aims

Through teaching of the Humanities, we aim for all our children to become:

• Successful learners who enjoy learning, make progress and achieve

• Confident individuals who are able to live safe, healthy and fulfilling lives

• Responsible citizens who make a positive contribution to society.


Why is this area of learning important?

This area of learning stimulates children’s curiosity to investigate the world and their place within it:

  • Engaging children in questions about people and events in the past helps them understand the present and prepare for the future.
  • Understanding people’s relationships with the physical and built environment helps them form ideas about how to live.
  • They learn about the impact of their actions on the planet and understand the importance of developing a future that is sustainable.
  • Through exploring cultures, children develop a deeper understanding of themselves and others, and a sense of belonging.
  • Historical and geographical understanding encourages children to interpret the world around them, from the local to the global.
  • They become aware of how communities are organised and shaped by people’s values and actions, and how communities can live and work together.
  • They begin to understand how events that happened long ago or in other countries can affect our lives today and how we can help shape the future.

In these ways, children learn about similarities, differences, diversity and how we live in an interdependent world


Knowledge and Key Skills

Through teaching Humanities children build a secure knowledge of the following:

  • How the present has been shaped by the past, through developing a sense of  chronology, exploring change and continuity over time, and understanding why things happened
  • How and why places and environments develop, how they can be sustained and how they may change in the future
  • How people, communities and places are connected and can be interdependent.

Through studying Humanities, our children are able to learn the following key skills they need to make progress:

  • Undertake investigations and enquiries, using various methods, media and sources
  • Compare, interpret and analyse different types of evidence from a range of sources
  • Present and communicate findings in a range of ways and develop arguments and explanations using appropriate specialist vocabulary and techniques
  • Consider, respond to and debate alternative viewpoints in order to take informed and  responsible action


Useful Websites:

Click below to view useful links and websites to support teaching and learning of the humanities in schools:

Topmarks is a good site for teachers, parents and students to support pupils and aid learning in a fun and interactive way:


Hundred objects from museums across the UK with resources, information and teaching ideas to inspire your childrens’ interest in history: http://teachinghistory100.org/

Enter ancient worlds, meet famous people and discover fascinating facts by exploring a wide selection of historical games and activities: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/forkids/

Fun, history and geography educational websites for primary aged children (7 to 11): http://www.teachinganhttp://www.kidsgeo.com/geography-games/


Geography games for kids: http://www.teachingandlearningresources.co.uk/fungeography.shtml


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